When the meniscus cartilage raptures due to traumatic injuries or due to age-related wear and tear it is referred to as meniscus tear. Meniscus tear is usually very painful and limiting. The knee will not operate correctly with this type of injury. The meniscus is located at the knee joint. It is a rubbery piece of cartilage that acts as the body’s shock absorber and also acts as a pad to stabilize and protect the knee.
There are two C-shaped menisci on each knee that support the knee by keeping it in place and evenly distributing weight across the knee. Meniscus tear are of three degrees: severe, moderate and minor. Severe meniscus is when bits of ruptured meniscus enter the knee joint and affects the function of the knee causing a lot of pain. But for minor and moderate meniscus tears, the pain usually disappears after conventional treatment or a few weeks of rest. The meniscus tear has been treated with surgery or steroid injection depending on the severity. But none of these options effectively repairs the tear because the damaged meniscus can not heal easily due to limited blood supply (avasculature). The surgical option actually involves complete or partial removal of the meniscus thereby depriving the knee of its valuable protection. Some of the concerns involved with surgery on the meniscus are the increased risk of osteoarthritis and degradation of the knee.
Stem cell therapy and PRP for meniscus tear
Those suffering from meniscus tear are increasingly becoming aware of the implications of removing the meniscus though surgical operation, they also prefer not to risk the side effects that come with steroid injections. Troy Physical Medicine offers a non-invasive alternative to surgery and steroid injections for this problem. We also treat the underlying issues that cause the pain using either Troy Physical Medicine’s advanced form of Platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy or stem cell therapy. We also offer other regenerative procedures that actually help to repair the meniscus by stimulating the natural healing process. The specifics of your procedure will depend on the severity of your condition and other factors such as your age and health.
You can contact us to find out if Platelet rich plasma and stem cell therapy are right for you or to learn more about how these procedures have helped people suffering from meniscus tear.
When is stem cell therapy and PRP used to treat meniscus tear?
There are some cases of meniscus tear that can resolve with conservative treatment such as physical therapy. Some can also resolve through rest. But more severe meniscus tears may be treated through surgery depending on orientation and location of the tear. Meniscus that is torn at the outer edges can be surgically stitched and will eventually heal due to higher blood circulation at the edges. Other types of tears may require a partial or total removal of the meniscus. With these types of treatments, the pain of the meniscus tear can last for week or months. In addition, surgical removal of the meniscus is known to accelerate osteoarthritis, and eventually lowers the function of the knee because of lack of the stabilizing and cushioning effect of the meniscus.
PRP treatments and stem cell therapy have been applied successfully as alternative treatments to:
- Total meniscectomy, more so when the patient is at a higher risk of osteoarthritis which is common in overweight or elderly patients. If possible, it is recommended that the meniscus should not be entirely removed because it is important in the function of the knee, and thus the patients’ mobility.
- Recover meniscal volume even after surgery. Stem cell therapy can enhance meniscus healing even after a partial surgical removal of the meniscus, resulting in increased volume of the meniscus.
- Conventional treatments such as pain medications and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), more so if the debilitation and pain persist despite these treatments.
- Steroid injections for meniscus tear. Quite a number of patients decide that the minimal short term pain relief that steroid injections may provide is not worth the long term side effects.
- Partial meniscectomy. In most cases, a partial meniscectomy provided no benefits to a patient over non-surgical options. But using stem cell therapy can provides pain relief without involving surgery.
The causes and symptoms of meniscus tear
The meniscus is usually subjected to a lot of wear and tear throughout a person’s life. For this reason a meniscus tear is more likely to occur in the elderly or in athletes playing in sports with high impact. The tear can occur by a forceful motion of turning or twisting and also by trauma to the cartilage. Playing sports and heavy lifting are some other identified causes for meniscus tear. In other cases a meniscus tear can even occur when a person is merely squatting or walking.
The common symptoms of meniscus tear include the following:
- A swelling that can be mild or severe depending on the severity of the tear
- Pain that can be mild or severe depending on the severity of the tear
- Tenderness of the knee
- Pain that is usually located either in the middle of knee or on the side of the knee.
- Limitation of mobility
- Possibility of pieces of the meniscus floating into the knee joint causing a catching or popping
- Pain that can last for years if left untreated. In most cases the pain is less during rest periods
- Knee locking up or giving out and giving way.
You can relieve meniscus tear without steroid injections and surgery
If you have meniscus tear, contact us to find out if PRP treatments and stem cell therapy can be used to repair it.
The medical collateral ligament (MCL) Tear
The medical collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament are found on either side of the knee. They connect the femur to the lower leg bone. The former is found on the inner aspect of the knee. Its main function is to prevent the knee from bending backwards. It also allows for rotation and supports the knee. The MCL gets damaged when the ligament becomes too stretched after a hard impact that occurs when the knee is bent. An MCL tear is often very painful. An MCL tear can range from just a sprain to a partial or complete tear of the ligament. This type of injury is usually the result of a strong impact during a sports activity such as football or skiing. This injury is graded in severity from 1 to 3, depending on how many fibers of the ligament are involved in the injury.
PRP treatment and stem cell therapy for MCL tear
The MCL tear usually accompany other injuries and thus may go undiagnosed. The damaged and non-functioning MCL can affect other nearby ligament if left untreated. This is because these other ligament will be forced to cope with the excess stress. If you have MCL tear and you don’t want to resort to surgery or you don’t feel comfortable with the side effects associated with steroid injections, you can visit Troy Physical Medicine. We offer a non-invasive alternative to surgery and steroid injections for MCL tear.
We offer same-day, in-office procedures that also treat the underlying tissues that cause you pain using Troy Physical Medicine’s advanced form of platelet rich plasma (PRP) and stem therapy, plus other regenerative procedures.
By using this regenerative approach, the medical collateral ligament can repair itself and regain its function of holding the knee bones in place, thus relieving pressure on other components such as the particular cartilage and meniscus.
The form that your treatment will take depends on the severity of your condition and other factors such as your health and age. You can contact us to find out if PRP and stem cell therapy is right for you or to learn more about how these procedures have helped people suffering from medical collateral ligament tear.
When Is PRP and stem cell therapy used to treat MCL Tear?
There are some medical collateral ligament tear cases that can be resolved with conventional treatments. The first step in the treatment of and MCL tear is to elevate the affected leg, then ice and rest it. Mild exercise using the affected leg is advisable to help improve the strength of the surrounding muscle. Medication therapy will most likely include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and may be stronger pain medications also.
Injections with corticosteroid may be recommended to reduce pain and inflammation. However, the injections do not work for all patients. For severe cases that require the partial or complete removal of thee torn ligament, surgery is usually indicated. Stem cell therapy has been applied successfully as an alternative to:
- Steroid injections for an MCL tear because a number of patients are not comfortable with the long term side effects of the steroid injections.
- Conventional treatments such as NSAIDS and pain medications, especially if the debilitation and pain persist despite these treatments.
- Surgery for an MCL tear, depending on the cause and origin of the pain. Medical collateral ligament surgery typically removes the torn ligament to keep it from affecting other areas. Unfortunately the removal of the ligament comes with many risks including stress on the meniscus and other ligaments. This eventually leads to early arthritis, tears in other ligaments and other problems. However, through regenerative stem-cell therapy, the torn sections of the medical collateral ligament can be repaired, and the knee can regain its full functionality.
The causes and symptoms of medical collateral ligament tear
The main cause for a tear to the medical collateral ligament is a strong impact, such as a hard fall when jumping, skiing, playing football or an accident. Other causes may include repetitive stretching and overuse of the MCL that cause loss of elasticity and stress that leads to a tear.
The common symptoms of an MCL tear include:
- Pain in the knee that can range from mild to severe
- Stiffness and limited range of motion of the knee
- Constant tenderness in the knee
- Pain may get worse hours after the injury occurs
- Swelling in the knee
- Sometimes bruising may occur
Relieving MCL tear without steroid injections or surgery
If you are suffering from MCL tear you can contact us to find out if PRP and stem cell therapy is right for you.